Yesterday I started a short series on “must reads” in theology. In other words, who are the the theologians that you simply must read if you are going to study theology seriously. And, to be very clear, I’m not trying to address the question of whether these are must-reads for all Christians (they’re not), but only what it means to say that someone is a must-read for students of theology. (Whether they are also must-reads for people involved in biblical studies is something that I’ll leave for someone else to answer.)
Yesterday’s post focused on the clearest kind of must-read: those theologians with such historical significance that you really can’t understand entire theological traditions, or at least significant theological eras/movements, without understanding these theologians to some degree.
Today, I want to explore a different kind of must-read: people you consider to be a must-read because of the inherent value of their theology. This is to use “must” in a very different sense from yesterday’s post. People in this category really aren’t necessary for studying theology seriously. So, from one perspective, they are not must-reads. But, there are some theologians you think are important enough that you want to identify them as must-reads for any serious student of theology anyway.
Understanding the category in this way, of course, means that this kind of must-read is necessarily more subject that the former category. For the most part, those theologians who qualify as historical must-reads is really not debatable. Like most attempts to categorize people, there will always be questions at the margin. But it’s usually not that difficult to identify people who defined an entire theological tradition. To say that someone is a must-read for their inherent theological value, though, is entirely different.
I can think of three reasons that you might want to identify someone as a must-read in this more subjective sense. First, you might find their theology so personally compelling that you think any serious student of theology simply must be exposed to their way of thinking. This is generally what I think people mean when they say that Williams, Hauerwas, Jenson, or Gutierrez is a must-read. As I argued yesterday, I don’t think you can argue definitively that any living theologian is a historical must-read. So, any of these would have to be must-reads in the latter sense.
A second possibility is to say that someone is a must-read in this sense because you anticipate that they will eventually become a historical must-read. This is a tricky endeavor because it requires predicting which contemporary theologians you think will have “staying power” and will go on to become one of the great theologians that future generations will continue studying. I accidentally broke my crystal ball while using it to scare aware the neighbor’s cat, so I don’t make these kinds of predictions anymore. But, if you think you’re onto something, by all means call someone a must-read in this futurist sense.
And, the third option would be to say that someone is a must-read because they are shaping contemporary theological dialog to such a degree that the serious theological student simply must know about them regardless of whether you find them personally compelling or as having future significance. This one’s tough because you’d basically be saying that people need to study someone even though you think they have no inherent or lasting value. I can think of other ways that I’d rather spend my time. But, sometimes you have the bite the bullet if you really want to know your field.
So, I think that the label “must read” can be used meaningfully even in this more subjective sense. We probably should change this to “should read,” but it loses a lot of its rhetorical impact. Maybe “otta read” would work better.
- Ben Myers offers a very nice roundup of articles that have recently been posted over at the ABC Religion and Ethics portal, including articles by John Milbank, Rowan Williams, and Stanley Hauerwas.
- This month’s issue of Atlantic Monthly discusses “The End of Men” and the idea that “women are dominating society as never before.” Another article asks “Are Fathers Necessary?” arguing that they’re not as essential as we think.
- Joe Carter offers a crash course in evangelical views of eschatology.
- Halden offers some more reflections on Rowan Williams’s recent address to the Lutheran World Federation Assembly. And, that same assembly has issued a statement calling on Lutherans to express regret for the past actions against Anapabtists.
- A Washington Post article considers whether the Tea Party is biblical.
- Matt Flannagan has posted the third of this 3-part series on epistemology, this time dealing with what happens when authorities clash.
- And, here’s a list of Eight Reasons Some Churches Do Not Grow.
- Andrew Perriman offers some reflections on Anthony Thiselton’s Hermeneutics of Doctrine and the way it is helping him reconsider the legitimacy of doctrine in relationship to biblical interpretation. On a similar note, Justin Taylor discusses Vern Poythress’s view on the matter and offers links to a couple of further resources.
- Paul Alexander explains why the Gospel of John needs to be an equal partner with the Synoptics in constructing our understanding of the historical Jesus and the impact this would have on standard methodological principles. (HT Jim West)
- Jason Goroncy offers a lengthy excerpt from Rowan William’s recent address on the topic of forgiveness.
- Brian LePort offers a roundup of recent posts on the role of women in the church.
- And, a church in Brazil has gotten permission to move forward with its $200m replica of Solomon’s temple.
- The Australian Broadcast Corporation announces the launch of its religion and ethics portal. The plan is to provide both ABC content from its various media sources as well as original content from leading thinkers around the world.The home page features an article from Rowan Williams, “Refugees Make Us Strange to Ourselves,” about the role that racial and intellectual others play in fostering intellectual freedom and healthy cultural identity. (HT Byron Smith)
- Biblical Interpretation has an article challenging the idea that we can chronologically separated “early” biblical Hebrew from “late” biblical Hebrew, contending instead that they are contemporaneous styles and that this has implications for how we date OT books. (HT Jim West)
- Larry Hurtado comments on the success and frustration of his new blog.
- Ed Setzer discusses four problems with the “rock star” pastor, and his suggested solutions.
- Christopher Benson has an interesting post on “Why We Need the Dark.” I’m counting on Rev. 22:5 being metaphorical because I really like the dark. (I’m sure that suggest some deeply disturbing things about my psyche, and I’m okay with that.)
- Joel points out that students can get Amazon Prime free for one year.
- And, here’s a helpful resource for anyone who needs to learn how to talk smack in Chinese.
- There’s a firestorm brewing in the Church of England over reports that Rowan Williams will now support Jeffrey John as the Church’s first openly gay bishop. At the same time, Stuart points out a good article warning about taking such reports too seriously.
- Justin Taylor links to an article by Vern Poythress that he calls “The Best Essay Ever Written on Spiritual Gifts Today.” According to Taylor, the thesis of the article is: “I maintain that modern spiritual gifts are analogous to but not identical with the divinely authoritative gifts exercised by the apostles. Since there is no strict identity, apostolic teaching and the biblical canon have exclusive divine authority. On the other hand, since there is analogy, modern spiritual gifts are still genuine and useful to the church. Hence, there is a middle way between blanket approval and blanket rejection of modern charismatic gifts.”
- Wired Magazine has an interesting article on the neuroscience of Alcoholics Anonymous and why their approach helps some people, but not others. (HT BoingBoing)
- Larry Hurtado links to an article he wrote on “Freedom in the NT.”
- And, Jim West has declared that he will bravely face the rigors of running the Biblical Studies Carnivals all by himself. So, apparently the Carnivals will return to the blogosphere on August 1.
Here’s a great quote from Rowan Williams on why our culture needs to be mo materialistic than it is.
It’s been said often enough but it bears repeating, that in some ways – so far from being a materialist culture, we are a culture that is resentful about material reality, hungry for anything and everything that distances us from the constraints of being a physical animal subject to temporal processes, to uncontrollable changes and to sheer accident.
Rowan Williams, Jürgen Moltmann, Miroslav Volf, and David Ford recently spoke at the Holy Spirit in the World Today conference. And, they have now uploaded the audio files for most of those lectures. (HT Per Crucem ad Lucem). Here they are:
- Homily — Archbishop Rowan Williams
- Whispers of God at Work, in Cyberspace, in the Media and among the Young — Ken Costa
- Interview with Professor Jürgen Moltmann
- The Church in the Power of the Spirit — Professor Jürgen Moltmann
- Q&A with Professor Jürgen Moltmann and Archbishop Rowan Williams
- Key Issues in Pneumatology — Professor David Ford
- One Spirit, Many Tongues: Globalization, Faith Traditions, and Human Flourishing — Professor Miroslav Volf
- Filled with the Spirit — Revd Sandy Millar
- Bible Reading — Dr Jane Williams
- In the Spirit: Learning Wisdom, Giving Signs — Professor David Ford
- Q&A with Professors Miroslav Volf and David Ford — COMING SOON!
- Life in the Spirit: Identity, Vocation and the Cross — Revd Dr Graham Tomlin